Bees are the main exponents of a group of insects called pollinators. These animals are the genetic messengers of nature for the vast majority of flowering plants, collaborating very actively in the health of plant communities and botanical diversity, which, let us recall, forms the basis of the feeding for most living beings of the earth.
Due to the many changes that affect the environment (climate change, intensive farming techniques, forest management, ..) new diseases hitherto unknown in Europe and America and to their importance as pollinators, bees are having a very notorious public visibility.
A new archetype of nature protection, fundamental in the direct production of 30% of our food and in more than 70% of all wild pollination.
More and more swarms seek refuge in structures of buildings and human constructions and these communities of bees enjoy a health that not even in commercial beekeeping we find, being more vigorous and more productive. The results of analysis carried out in honeys of urban bees shows an absence of pollutants that are difficult to find in rural areas.
By creating a parallel, the bees would be acting like the boxer who does not want to receive more blows from his opponent and throws himself into his arms to neutralize his attack.
The benefits of bees are appreciated and studied since the origin of civilization.
In the environment they are responsible for pollination enhancing diversity and food production. Honey has been the first sweet that humanity has known and bees make us contributions like wax, propolis, royal jelly, pollen, apitoxin ...
As for the emotional spectrum, the bee reconnects the human with the environment, with the seasons, with the flight, with the wild spirit and the collaboration with a very broad environment.
One of the most powerful contributions that bees offer is direct and controlled experience with the most blocking emotion: fear.
Bees ARE ALREADY URBAN !, There have long been many swarms living with us, the proof is in the dozens of swarms that are removed from street lamps, trees and vehicles in the cities every spring. In addition, in recent years there has been a significant increase in urban swarms, due to the great damage they are suffering in their natural environment due to abusive use of pesticides and other unhealthy practices.
It is in our country that the practice of urban beekeeping has been hampered, largely by ignorance and lack of interest. Not so in cities like Paris, London or Berlin.
In cities, bees work to ensure the presence of spontaneous flora, necessary for urban fauna.
They serve as bioindicators, as they collect from a wide area. With a box of bees can have a very real perception of the state of the neighborhood at the environmental level.
In many cities like Berlin or Sydney, there are companies that commercialize the honey made in urban apiaries, collaborating with the local economy.
Beekeeping is a very powerful deserting hobby, constituting a tool to control and manage emotions appropriate to the needs of the society in which we live.
In addition, it allows us to approach educational projects, reinsertion and training, managing communities of bees in the schools themselves as is done in Switzerland, where schools have between 4 and 8 hives, very often managed by municipal staff.
Bees (and other similar insects) have evolved in parallel with plants called spermatophytes (which make flowers): these plants need someone to transport the flower pollen in bloom, and the pollinating insects feed on what the plants 'do pay' for this service in the form of nectar.
SIf the bees disappeared, too many plants that need them for reproduction would disappear. And then many animal species, including the human, would follow the same fate.
The collaboration between humans and bees is almost as old as livestock. We have observed their needs, detected the best spaces to locate the hive, with abundant water and blooms, and we have learned that if we provide it, they produce much more than they need for them.
We could say that in the human-bees relationship, we offer 'house', transportation to more appropriate areas depending on the season, and veterinary care. In these conditions more favorable for them, bees produce for us honey and, in addition, also wax, pollen, propolis, royal jelly and apitoxin.
Thanks to this relationship, the bees have reached almost every corner of the world, collaborating with an admirable perfection to the pollination of all the plants that have adapted to them. So, the collaboration between humans and bees, generates a new beneficiary, the plant environment, which at the same time benefits us humans and bees, resulting in a perfect symbiosis.
Bees currently suffer many attacks due to the indiscriminate use of pesticides (particularly so-called 'neonicotinoids'), climate change (which hampers their work, propagates parasites and predators), and sometimes improper management. All of this translates into what has been called a CCD (Colony Collapse Disorder), which is producing a significant decrease in the number of bees (and other pollinators) in the world.
In this situation, the cities and towns become 'oasis' for the bees.
In cities, bees work by ensuring the presence of spontaneous flora, necessary for urban fauna.
Plant flowering plants. Provide them with water. Sponsor urban beehives. Build pollinator 'hotels'. Become an urban beekeeper.